Outlet port on the Black sea, Postal service started 1919, 1st Stamps issued 1919

During 1901, sixteen years prior to the October RevolutionJoseph Stalin, the future leader of the Soviet Union, lived in the city organizing strikes. On March 3, 1918, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave the city back to the Ottoman Empire; unrest during the closing weeks of World War I led to the re-entry of Turkish forces in April 1918, followed in December by British forces, who stayed until July 1920. Kemal Atatürk ceded the area to the Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union on the condition that it be granted autonomy, for the sake of the Muslims among Batumi's mixed population

Batum 1919 10R on 3k Carmine-Red SG19 Fine LMM Vert Pair Showing Upward Shift of Opt
Batum 1920 25R on 5k Brown-Lilac SG29a Blue Surch Fine LMM
Batum 1920 25R on 10k on 7k Blue SG30a Blue Surch Fine LMM
Batum 1920 25R on 25k Orange-Yellow SG43a 'Blue Surch' Good MM
Batum 1920 25R on 50k Green & Copper-Red SG33 Good MM

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